3 - 4 months a young Northern Cardinal will have a black bill
7 species in the world with the name Cardinal
7 states have the Northern Cardinal as their state bird (Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, North Carolina, Ohio, Virginia and West Virginia)
9 - 35 percent of nestlings in a cardinal nest that have a biological parent different from the mated pair that raises them.
15 - 37 percent of cardinal nests that succeed in fledging young.
15 years plus 9 months was the age of the oldest recaptured banded Northern Cardinal.
77 percent of the time cardinals spend foraging on the ground, according to one study in North Carolina
200 number of songs per hour male cardinals may sing in the early morning hours
Adapted from material provided by WBU, Inc.
Cardinal pair image from the WBU, Inc. image library