As much as I keep track of the arrival and departure dates of hummingbirds, I never really stopped to figure out the length of time hummingbirds are present in my yard and how long they're in their winter home. What I found surprised me.
First Arrival May 9
Last Departure September 14
Hummingbird Days 128 days
This is just a bit over 4 months (most of May, all of June, July, and August, and a little bit of August). So the rest of the year - 8 months - they're either in migration mode or at their winter homes in Central America or Mexico.
On the way north in the spring, hummingbirds take 2-3 months to make the 2000+ mile trek. And on their way south, by the end of October, most have left the U.S., so fall migration likely takes 2-3 months as well. That means that they are on their wintering grounds for about 3 months - and then they start the whole cycle again!
During those 3 months, Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are known to utilize the rainforest-like tree canopy found in shade-grown coffee farms. Sun-grown coffee, like most commercially-produced coffee, poses a threat to the future of shade-grown coffee farms and thus to the winter habitat of our hummingbirds and other neotropical migrants. You can help protect the winter habitat of our hummingbirds by making the decision to drink only a certified Bird Friendly® shade-grown coffee like Birds & Beans™. Birds & Beans is available at Wild Birds Unlimited - Saratoga Springs NY and online.
Approximately 237 days, about 8 months from now.